While many artists draw with an emphasis on lines, I use light and shadow ”contrast” to delineate surfaces, much like a painter uses color. In that respect, my approach to drawing is more like painting. The only lines visible are those used to portray a texture in my subjects. They\'re very rarely, if ever, used to separate one surface from another. This approach mimics the way our eyes see the world. When one looks at an object, there isn\'t an outline that separates it from its background. The separation is achieved through variations in color, light and shadow. Since, with the pencil, I have only black, white and shades of gray with which to work, I must rely only on the light falling across the surfaces. It is also the light or, more correctly, the shadows created by the light that reveals the textures of the subject. A frequent comment is that my drawings look like photographs but they really go well beyond what a photograph could be. Because, as an artist, I have the luxury to add or subtract details that cannot be readily done with a camera, there is clarity in my subjects not easily possible in a photograph. There is also an undefined quality in my drawings that, while nearly photographic in detail, adds an emotional response. That emotion is something that comes from the artist\'s hand. It results from the conscious and unconscious decisions made in the creation of the artwork.